Unintended Consequences ?
Armenia’s criticism follows comments from Kazakhstan’s president, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev at the UN general assembly in September during which he implicitly criticised Russia’s war in Ukraine.
Emil Avdaliani, a professor at the European University in Tblisi, Georgia, and director of Middle East studies at the Geocase thinktank, said Armenia was trying to diversify its foreign relations in light of Russia’s weakness.
He said: “Dependence on Russia is deadly, so Yerevan is seeking rapprochement with Turkey, closer ties with the EU, Iran and China.
“This is a result of Moscow’s half-hearted approach toward Armenia and most of all Russia’s weakening position in the south Caucasus as a result of its increasingly unsuccessful war in Ukraine.”
Outside the CSTO summit, Armenian protesters had called for Russia to leave Ukraine.
“The protests indicate a shift in Armenia’s perception of Russia,” Avdaliani said. “Its unreliability as an ally has grown palpable. Anti-Russian sentiments always were present among Armenia’s political elites, but now it turns into resentment.